农村小规模学校:谁的孩子在这里上学?——基于西北某县家长访谈资料
Small Rural Schools: Whose Children Go Here?——Based on Parents’ Interview Data of a Certain County in the Northwest Area
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村小规模学校;学生家庭;学生家长
英文关键词:small rural school, students’ family, parents
基金项目:本文系教育部哲学社会科学2013年度重大课题攻关项目“城镇化背景下我国义务教育改革和发展机制研究”(项目编号:13JZD043)的研究成果。
作者单位
倪建雯 东北师范大学 ,吉林 长春 
邬志辉 东北师范大学 ,吉林 长春 
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中文摘要:
      城镇化推进过程中,农村小规模学校是我国现阶段农村地区重要的学校教育样态,目前哪些家庭的孩子继续选择留在这里就读?通过运用访谈法对学生家长的调查发现:大部分学生家庭经济收入较低,处于维持基本生活的边缘;部分学生家庭结构不完整,诸多因素影响着家庭稳定;家长受教育水平普遍不高,家庭教养方式较为单一。基于以上分析可以看出:农村小规模学校的建设是我国城镇化进程复杂性、多样性特点的必然要求;就读农村小规模学校是多数家长“主动”做出的“被动”选择,建设好农村小规模学校有助于实现教育脱贫。农村小规模学校建设需统筹推进县域内义务教育均衡发展;整合家庭教育、社会教育、学校教育,共同促进学生发展;统筹公共资源,推进城乡基本公共服务一体化建设。
英文摘要:
      During the process of urbanization, small rural school is an important school education type in rural areas. What family would send children to study here? By interviewing with the parents, it is found that the majority of students are from families with low earnings, on the brink of maintaining basic life; many students are from broken families, family stability affected by many factors;parents’ education level is generally not high, and family upbringing is relatively single. Based on above analysis, we can see that the construction of small rural school is an indispensable requirement of urbanization’s complexity and diversity. Small rural school is an made choice of most parents’ will. Small rural schools can contribute to overcome educational poverty. The development of these schools needs balanced development of compulsory education in county level, combination of family education, social education and school education to promote students’ growth, and integrated public resources to promote the construction of urban and rural basic public services.
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