早期阅读的相关概念辨析
Dispution and Analysis on the Concepts Related to Early Reading
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  早期阅读;早期书写;早期读写;早期阅读活动;文学学习活动
英文关键词:early reading, early writing, early literacy, early reading activity, literature learning activity
基金项目:本文系全国教育科学“十二五”规划教育部重点课题“我国幼童语言教育理念的演变及价值取向研究:中美比较的视角”(项目编号:DHA140286)的研究成果。
作者单位
王海澜 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      目前,与早期阅读相关的重要概念没有得到很好的诠释,致使阅读活动中目标偏差或片面及形式主义等问题普遍存在。广义的阅读和早期阅读都是指理解各种书面符号的能力,而不仅仅指读书;但真正的阅读却要求付出心智劳动以增进理解力。早期书写既指幼儿图文夹杂的“作文”活动,也指他们的写字和涂画活动。而幼儿园的早期阅读活动重在培养幼儿的自主阅读意识和能力,文学学习活动则重在使幼儿感受文学作品的美。概念明确,实践才会有效。
英文摘要:
      Currently, the important concepts related to early reading have not been very well interpreted, which causes many problems in reading activities, such as target deviation or one-sided and formalism . Generally speaking, reading and early reading refers to the ability to understand all kinds of written symbols, not just reading, but the real reading requires mental labor to enhance the capability of comprehension. Early writing not only refers to the “composition” activities in children's pictures and texts, but also refers to their writing and painting activities. However, the early reading of kindergartens are emphasis on the cultivation of children's independent reading consciousness and ability, the literature learning activities try to make the children feel the beauty of literary works. The clear concepts can make the practice be effective.
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