文章学:文言文阅读教学价值之考察的第四维
The Article Study: The Fourth Dimension of Classical Chinese Reading Teaching Value
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  文言文;阅读教学;文章学;文体与表达特点
英文关键词:classical Chinese,reading teaching,the article study, stylistic feature and expression characteristic
基金项目:
作者单位
郑桂华 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      “义理、考据和文章”是古人研读文章的三个基本维度,“五四”以后,受西方文学观念的影响,又增加了一个“文学鉴赏”维度。但是,中学文言文教学中,从文章学维度分析文言文、设计教学目标的做法少见,文章学成了可有可无的第四维。文章认为,中学文言文教学应重拾这一考察维度,既要广泛吸收传统文章学的精华,同时也应适当借鉴西方叙事学、接受美学等理论,多从文体特征及表达特点角度理解文言文篇目的学习价值,提高文言文教学的有效性。
英文摘要:
      Ancient literati advocated a prose reading from principle, criticism and article. Since the May Fourth Movement, affected by the western literary concepts, there have been one more dimension-the literature appreciation. However, in the classical Chinese teaching in middle schools, it is rare that the article analysis and teaching design view from the literature appreciation dimension. The article study dimension has become dispensable. This paper claims that it is necessary to regain the fourth dimension of classical Chinese reading teaching value in middle schools. Widely absorbing the essence of the traditional article study, using western narratology for reference and accepting modern article study knowledge, and designing and implementing from stylistic features and expression characteristic are helpful to understand the value of classical Chinese learning and improve classical Chinese teaching efficiency.
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