辩论教学法在基础教育阶段的适用困境与出路——心理学视角的审视
The Dilemma and Outlet of Debate Teaching Method Applied to Basic Education ——Analysis based on Perspective of Psychology
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  心理学;辩论教学法;基础教育;困境;出路
英文关键词:psychology,debate teaching method,basic education,dilemma,outlet
基金项目:本文系西南政法大学教学改革委托重大项目“精品资源共享课程平台下的课堂教学地位与方法研究”(项目编号:2014A03)的研究成果。
作者单位
张力 西南政法大学 
王玉梅 西南政法大学 
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中文摘要:
      核心素养是基础教育内在价值的应然期待,但传统灌输式教学模式难以满足其发展要求。为回应基础教育对核心素养培育的追求,引入辩论教学法成为现实选择。然而,由于“被评价焦虑、上台恐惧、自尊心防御、心理阻抗”等心理困境的存在,学生的主体性难以构建,辩论教学法的实施亦陷入窘境。为此,教师应注重“赏识教育、期望激励、社会支持、积极关注、同理心”等心理引导技巧,重构学生主体性,回归基础教育的价值理性。
英文摘要:
      Key Competencies is the expectation of intrinsic value of basic education. But the traditional indoctrination teaching model is difficult to meet its development requirements.In order to respond to the pursuit of key competencies in the basic education, the introduction of the debate teaching method becomes the inevitable choice. However, due to the anxiety of evaluation, platform apprehension, self-esteem defense, psychological impedance and other psychological difficulties, it’s difficult to build the students’ subjectivity and implement the debate teaching method .To this end, teachers should focus on appreciation education, expectancy motivation, social support, positive attention, empathy and other psychological guidance skills, to reconstruct students’ subjectivity, and return to value rationality of basic education.
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