学习评价价值观“有分无人”的后果——基于“社会”维度的审视
On the Serious Result of Learning Assessment Values of “Score Only without Considering People”:A Study Based on the Dimension of “Society”
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  学习评价价值观;人的主体性;主体性迷失;单向度化危机;未来发展危机
英文关键词:learning assessment values,people’s subjectivity,the loss of people’s subjectivity, one-way crisis,future development crisis
基金项目:本文系2018年度上海市教育科研市级课题“中小学教师课堂评价素养指标体系的建构和应用研究”(项目编号:C18070)的成果之一。
作者单位
王中男 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      “分数世界中人的主体性的迷失”是学习评价价值观“有分无人”的严重后果,而这一后果又会相继引发“社会”维度的单向度化危机和未来发展危机。文章首先基于“人的主体性”概念提炼了其分析框架,并根据此分析框架指出,“分数世界中人的主体性的迷失”体现为“自由自觉性、超越性和创造性”的逐渐被抑制,以及“自在自发性、给定性和规范性”的逐渐被纵容。继而基于“社会”维度,探讨了人之主体性迷失所引发的双重危机。在此部分中,分别立足社会层面,探讨了单向度化危机产生的原因和导致的后果;立足国家层面,探讨了未来发展危机产生的原因和导致的后果。最后指出,当前的学习评价价值观亟须转变。
英文摘要:
      “The loss of people’s subjectivity in the world of scores” is a serious result of learning assessment values of “score only without considering people”,which will result in a one-way crisis and future development crisis of social dimension. Firstly, this paper refines the analysis framework of “people’s subjectivity” based on its concept,and then, according to this analytical framework, points out that the basic characteristics of “the loss of people’s subjectivity in the world of scores”can be manifested as the gradual suppress of“freedom consciousness,transcendence and creativity” and the gradual conniving of“spontaneity,prescriptiveness and normativity”. Secondly,from the social dimension,this paper states a double crisis which is caused by the loss of “people’s subjectivity”. In this part,the paper discusses the causes and consequences of the one-way crisis based on the social level,and those of future development crisis based on the national level. Finally,the paper points out that learning assessment values should be changed.
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