人工智能时代基础教育之变与不变
The Changes and Invariability of Basic Education in the Era of Artificial Intelligence
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  人工智能;基础教育;核心素养;全面发展
英文关键词:artificial intelligence, basic education, core competency, overall development
基金项目:本文系江西省2019年基础教育研究课题“人工智能时代教师角色内涵变化及应对的行动研究”(项目编号:SWSYYW2019-016)的研究成果。
作者单位
姜丽 上饶师范学院 
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中文摘要:
      就基础教育而言,人工智能技术在中小学教师思想观念、教学模式、教师角色等方面产生重要影响,甚至在推进基础教育体制改革方面发挥一定的促进作用。依据马克思主义观点,人工智能的社会作用能否充分发挥,主要取决于其背后的社会关系。人工智能终究还是机器属性,本质上是人为制造的,是要为人类服务的。它不能完全取代教师的作用,无法改变基础教育的本质。在人工智能时代,基础教育目标仍将关注中小学生核心素养和全面发展;指向中小学生的爱和幸福的教育情怀不会改变;师生对话交往的传承关系不会消失。
英文摘要:
      In terms of basic education, artificial intelligence (AI) can exert an important influence on the teaching concept, teaching mode, and teachers’ roles for the teachers in primary and secondary schools and even plays a positive role in promoting the reform of basic education system. According to Marxist view, whether AI can fully show its social function depends on the social relationship. After all, AI still belongs to a machine attribute, which is essentially artificially created and serves human beings. Therefore, it cannot completely replace teachers and cannot change the essence of basic education. In the era of AI, the basic education goal will still focus on the core competency and all-round development of primary and secondary school students; the educational sentiments of love and happiness for primary and secondary school students will not change; and the traditional teacher-student relationship developing from the communication with each other will not disappear.
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