核心素养视域下的美育教学探析
An Analysis of Aesthetic Education in Middle Schoolsfrom the Perspective of Core Competency
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  核心素养;审美情趣;美育教学
英文关键词:core competency, aesthetic taste, aesthetic education
基金项目:
作者单位
范依琳 上海市南洋模范中学 
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中文摘要:
      中学美育课程是关于“美”的课程,教学的过程就是“寻美”,审美是课程的主要内容,提升学生的审美能力是课程主旨,它与核心素养中“审美情趣”的要点相契合。文章以《兰亭集序》为例,探讨了美育课程如何培养核心素养:在教学内容的设计上,要注重体现学生主动发现美、体验美、感受美、内化美、建构个性美的审美过程;在教学目标的确定上,通过艺术鉴赏使学生建立与世界的联系,提高其审美素养;在教学过程安排上,针对美育课程核心素养的达成,三赏《兰亭集序》;在教学方法上,引导学生由具体的美到抽象的美再到具体的美。教学设计和过程体现了学生的主动参与性,以此来促使学生核心素养的达成。
英文摘要:
      The aesthetic education in middle schools is the curriculum about “beauty”. with “seeking beauty” as its teaching process and “appreciation of beauty” as its main content, which is the main purpose of the curriculum to enhance students’ aesthetic ability, which is consistent with the main points of “aesthetic taste” in core competency. From the example of Preface of the Orchid Pavilion, this paper discusses how aesthetic education cultivates core competency from the following aspects: for the design of teaching content, special attention should be paid to beauty appreciation process of how students actively discover beauty, experience beauty, feel beauty, internalize beauty and then construct individual beauty; for setting up teaching objectives, students can make contact with the world through art appreciation and improve their aesthetic quality; for the arrangement of teaching process, the beauty of Preface of the Orchid Pavilion should be appreciated three times in order to achieve the core competency of aesthetic education; for teaching methods, students should be instructed to appreciate concrete beauty, then abstract beauty and then concrete beauty again. Such teaching design and process can reflect the students’ active participation and help cultivate their core competency.
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