论新文化运动时期的科学教育观
Formation of Scientific Education View during New Cultural Movement
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  新文化运动时期;科学教育观;科学精神;科学方法
英文关键词:New Culture Movement, view of science education, scientific spirit, scientific methods
基金项目:本文系国家社科基金项目“古典概率史研究(1650—1850)”(项目编号:18BSS023),上海市高校高峰高原项目成果。
作者单位
王伟 上海师范大学 
王幼军 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      科学教育观是科学教育思想的哲学基础,是决定“科学教育教什么、为什么教和怎么教”的首要问题。新文化运动时期,以《科学》杂志为代表的自然科学家群体将科学教育分为科学知识传授、科学精神培育和科学方法养成三个维度,与教育家提出教育教学方法改进一起,共同构成“三位一体”的近代科学教育观。这种“三位一体”的科学教育观既注重发挥科学教育的现实利用价值,又注重发挥人文思想价值,对当前科学教育发展具有一定的借鉴和启示意义。
英文摘要:
      The view of science education is the philosophical basis of science education, which determines the fundamental questions of what to teach, why to teach, and how to teach in scientific education. During New Culture Movement, the scientists in the circle of natural science, represented by Science magazine, divided science education into three dimensions, namely, transference of scientific knowledge, cultivation of scientific spirits, and development of scientific methods. Together with the innovation of education methodology put forward by the educators, these dimensions constituted the “three-in-one” view of modern science education. Such a “three-in-one” view not only put a premium on the utilitarian value of science education, but also put emphasis on the importance of humanity, and can shed light on the contemporary science education.
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