基于创建积极课堂体验的初中语文小说教学研究
An Research into Teaching Chinese Novels in Junior Middle Schools Based on the Creation of Positive Classroom Experience
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  小说教学;文本特色;认知冲突;课堂体验
英文关键词:text features, cognitive conflict, classroom experience
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作者单位
周宏程 上海市罗阳中学 
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中文摘要:
      《煮酒论英雄》作为小说节选,其文本特色在于人物对话里包含着“场面话”和“心里话”。只有读出“心里话”,学生才能真正浸入文本,感知人物的性格特征,进而理解作者的情感态度。为了避免“论证”式的小说教学,尽可能发挥学生的课堂主体作用,可以借助引发认知冲突来创建积极的课堂体验,从而达成教学目标。从课堂呈现来看,在第二场认知冲突里,学生通过分工交替演绎“场面话”和“心里话”,获得了积极的课堂体验,思维得到了发展与提升。
英文摘要:
      Defining a Hero While Warming the Wine, an excerpt from the novel, features “the situation remarks” and “the words from the heart” between the dialogues from the characters. Only by understanding “the words from the heart”, students can be absorbed in learning the text, perceive the characters’ personality, and comprehend the author’s emotional attitude. In order to avoid teaching the novel in an “argumentative style”, it is better to treat students as the center of class and thus construct a positive classroom experience by triggering cognitive conflicts so as to achieve the teaching goal. Judging from the classroom presentation, in the second cognition conflict, the students gain a positive classroom experience after they read in roles “the situation remarks” and “the words from the heart” and therefore, their thinking is developed and improved.
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