新高考改革背景下农村学生如何“逆袭”
How to Help Rural Students “Fight Back” under the Reform of New College Entrance Examinations
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  新高考;农村学生;黄冈教育;文化资本;学生发展
英文关键词:new college entrance examination, rural students, Huanggang education, cultural capital, student development
基金项目:本文系湖北省优秀中青年科技创新团队项目“教育现代化背景下教师教育创新发展研究”(项目编号:T201929)的成果。
作者单位
李威 黄冈师范学院 
陈中文 中国教育科学研究院 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,随着优质教育资源逐渐向省会城市和经济发达城市的“超级中学”集中,以黄冈为代表的县市中学教育优势不再,农村学生在这场改革大潮中愈发劣势明显。对以黄冈中学、衡水中学、华中师大一附中、成都七中等为代表的四种中学办学模式比较发现,决定学生能否进入精英学府的根源在于学生的受教育平台差异和个体文化资本差异,传统的勤奋、刻苦等学习品质的影响逐渐式微。新高考改革扩大了学生的课程选择权、考试选择权和填报志愿选择权,对于农村学生来说既是挑战也是机遇。代表县市级教育标杆的“黄冈教育”要想再崛起,必须在教育投入、生源选拔、课程改革等方面有所创新。
英文摘要:
      In resent years, with the gradual centralization of high-quality educational resources to super-high schools in provincial capitals and economically developed cities, the educational advantages of counties and cities represented by Huanggang are no longer available, and the disadvantages of rural students are becoming more and more obvious in this tide of reform. Comparing the four school management modes, represented by Huanggang Middle School, Hengshui Middle School, First Affiliated Middle School of Huazhong Normal University and Chengdu Seventh Middle School, this paper has found that the root of deciding whether students can enter elite schools lies in the difference of educational platforms and students’ individual difference in cultural capital, and the influence of traditional learning qualities such as diligence and hard work is gradually diminishing. The reform of new college entrance examination enlarges students’ right to choose courses and examinations and to fill in voluntary options, which is both a challenge and an opportunity for rural students. If “Huanggang Education”, which represents the benchmark of county and municipal education, wants to rise again, it must invest more in education, student selection, and curriculum reform.
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