中小学教师教学想象实施现状的调查研究
Investigation of the Implementation Status of Teaching Imagination in Primaryand Middle School Teachers
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  中小学教师;教学想象;教学想象力;调查研究
英文关键词:primary and middle school teachers, teaching imagination, research
基金项目:本文系教育部人文社科项目“新时代高校思政课教师素质提升研究”(项目编号:18JD710047)的阶段性成果。
作者单位
姜艳 北京师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      该研究工具主要采用自编问卷,课堂观察与深度访谈作为辅助。前期对数据进行项目分析、探索性因素分析以及信度检验结果,反复修订问卷并借助SPSS21.0软件对自编问卷的数据统计与分析。结果发现:中小学教师对于教学想象的认识与理解存在局限与偏见;教学中无意识运用想象的情况较普遍;教学想象力偏低,未进入深度教学想象。综上所述,若要加强中小学教师构建富有想象的课堂教学,首先,应引导教师积极悦纳教学想象,觉醒教学想象意识;其次,教师应积累知识经验,储备丰富的表象,提高教学想象力;最后,教师应以问题为主线触发教学想象,提升教学想象水平。
英文摘要:
      This study mainly uses self-made questionnaires to assist classroom observation and in-depth interviews. The project analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability test results were performed on the data in the previous period. The questionnaire was revised repeatedly and the self-made questionnaire data was analyzed with the help of SPSS21.0. The research findings show that there are limitations and prejudices in teachers’ understanding of teaching imagination; unconscious use of imagination in teaching is more common; and teaching imagination is rather low without reaching the level of deep teaching imagination. To sum up, to construct more classroom teaching full of imagination in primary and middle schools, firstly, teachers should be guided to accept teaching imagination willingly and awaken to the awareness of teaching imagination; secondly, they should accumulate knowledge and experience, reserve abundant appearances, and improve teaching imagination; finally, they should use questions as the main trigger of teaching imagination and improve the level of teaching imagination.
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