真实性学习视域下的“真实评价”探析
Analysis of “Authentic Assessment” of Authentic Learning
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  真实性学习;真实情境;真实问题;真实认知;真实评价
英文关键词:authentic learning, authentic situations, authentic problems, authentic cognition, authentic assessment
基金项目:本文系教育部人文社科项目“民间教学变革的知识生产研究”(项目编号:19YJA880003)、江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目“真实性学习的实现机制研究”(项目编号:KYCX20_2097)的部分成果。
作者单位
代建军 江苏师范大学 
王素云 南京师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      真实性学习让学生置身真实情境,在真实问题的牵引下进行探索求知,建构真实经验,达成认知的多维发展。真实性学习视域下的“真实评价”作为其实现链环的核心,旨在将评价融入真实情境,通过真实问题,全面评估个体的真实表现。“真实评价”要义为关联真实情境、聚焦真实问题、指向真实认知。文章通过深掘“真实评价”内核要素的关键特性,体悟“真实评价”发生过程的内在机理,发现“真实评价”的价值在于体现评价维度的多元性、彰显评价标准的层次性与凸显评价过程的复杂性;并基于此,以真实性学习的目标为导向,秉承评价应然的真实之意,提出“真实评价”的实践路径:评估真实情境、真实问题、真实认知。
英文摘要:
      Authentic learning puts students in real situations, explores and seeks knowledge under the guidance of real problems, constructs real experience and achieves multidimensional development of cognition. As the core of its realization chain, the “authentic assessment” under authentic learning aims to integrate evaluation into authentic situations and through authentic questions, it can comprehensively evaluate the real performance of the individual. Its core essence points to the combination of authentic situations, focuses on authentic questions, and points to authentic cognition. By digging deep into the key characteristics of the core elements of “authentic assessment” and understanding the internal mechanism of its process, this paper has found that its value lies in highlighting the diversification of evaluation dimensions, the level of evaluation standards and the complexity of the evaluation process. Based on this, guided by the goal of authentic learning and adhering to the true meaning of evaluation, this paper has proposed a practical path of “authentic assessment”: evaluating authentic situations, authentic problems and authentic cognition.
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