今天是
冷战体制下日本国家软实力的展开及其问题——战后日本的亚洲经援外交
Evolution and Problems of the Soft Power of Japan under the Cold War System——the Economic Aid Diplomacy of Japan after World War II
投稿时间:2013-01-15  
中文关键词:  冷战体制;日本“经援外交”;国家软实力
英文关键词:the Cold War system, the economic aid diplomacy of Japan, the soft power of a country
项目:
作者单位
赵京华 中国社会科学院 
摘要点击次数: 649
全文下载次数: 1557
中文摘要:
      以《旧金山和约》和日美安保同盟为基础形成的日本战后外交,由于缺乏独立的军事政治硬实力和有吸引力的意识形态支撑,不得不走一条经济中心主义的外交路线。这种“经援外交”以由远及近的方式先后实践于东南亚、东亚和东北亚,构成了战后日本外交的亮点。然而,《旧金山和约》之单方面媾和的性质隐蔽了殖民侵略的罪恶历史,并使亚洲的“战后处理”推延到冷战之后。日本亦在推行亚洲外交过程中,有意避开了“历史”问题,这成为阻碍其深入展开的要因,作为国家软实力的“经援外交”也暴露出缺乏文化理念和普世价值而未能充分发挥应有力量的不足。文章将在冷战体制大背景下,阐述战后日本的亚洲外交历程,并检讨国家软实力与硬实力等的辨证关系。
英文摘要:
      Based on Treaty of Peace with Japan and Treaty of Security and Safeguard between Japan and United States, the diplomacy of Japan after World War II has to follow a diplomatic route of economic-centeredness for lack of independent and strong military, political and ideological power. The economic aid diplomacy, a highlight of Japanese diplomacy after World War II, has been practiced in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Northeast Asia. However, Treaty of Peace with Japan shelters the evil history of colonial aggression by reconciling with Japan and postpones “relations with other Asian countries after World War II” till the end of Cold War. In the process of carrying out Asian foreign policy, Japan intentionally avoids “history” problems, which hinders the furtherance of its economic aid diplomacy. The economic aid diplomacy, as the soft power of country, exposes the absence of culture concepts and universal values, and consequently, its due role can not be adequately exerted. Under the background of the Cold War system, the paper explores the evolution of Asian foreign policy of Japan, and discusses the dialectical relation between the soft power and the hard power.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭