今天是
孙中山与《中华民国临时约法》
Sun Zhongshan and The Interim Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China
投稿时间:2012-09-12  
中文关键词:  孙中山;《临时约法》;护法运动
英文关键词:Sun Zhongshan, The Interim Provisional Constitution, defending the Constitution
项目:
作者单位
郭绪印 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      孙中山是《临时约法》的倡导者,《临时约法》的主要精神贯穿着孙中山的民权思想。孙中山以《临时约法》作为思想武器、法制武器,和袁世凯的专制、复辟作斗争。此后孙中山又领导了先后6年的“护法运动”。以维护《临时约法》作为斗争形式,是孙中山革命生涯中重要的一部分,是他生平活动中占十多年之久的历史阶段。文章从中国国情角度探讨孙中山维护《临时约法》的动机、主要过程、历史意义和失败原因。孙中山最后认识到“护法”解决不了中国的社会矛盾,在共产国际和中国共产党的帮助下,选择了新的革命道路。
英文摘要:
      Sun Zhongshan was the advocator of The Interim Provisional Constitution. The major spirit of The Interim Provisional Constitution reflected Sun Zhongshan’s civil rights ideology. Using The Interim Provisional Constitution as a weapon, Sun Zhongshan opposed Yuan Shikai’s dictatorship and restoration of monarch. And then, Sun Zhongshan led the campaign for defending the Constitution, which lasted for six years. From the perspective of the condition in modern China, the author explored Sun Zhongshan’s motives, the major steps of defending The Interim Provisional Constitution, its historical significance and causes of its failure. Eventually, Sun Zhongshan realized that defending The Interim Provisional Constitution would not solve China’s social conflicts and he selected a new revolutionary path with the help of the Chinese Communist Party.
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