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宋代两浙路海洋灾害防御工程资金来源考察
A Study on Construction Funding Sources of the Preventive Facilities Against Marine Disaster of Liangzhe Area in Song Dynasty
投稿时间:2016-05-21  
中文关键词:  宋代;两浙路;海洋灾害防御工程;资金来源
英文关键词:Song Dynasty, the Liangzhe area, marine disaster preventive facilities, funding source
项目:浙江省哲学社会科学规划课题(15NDJC075YB)资助成果;2016年宁波大学研究生科研创新基金资助项目“危机与应对:宋代两浙路灾害与社会研究”阶段性成果
作者单位
刘恒武 宁波大学 
金城 宁波大学 
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中文摘要:
      宋代两浙路地处我国东南沿海,易遭受海溢灾害和咸潮倒灌的侵袭。为了保障沿海邑落及农田的安全,宋代特别注重塘、堰、碶等海洋灾害防御设施的修建与维护。宋代两浙路防海限潮工程得到多渠道的资金支持,塘、堤等大型防海工程的建设经费,主要来自中央财政的拨付;碶、堰等限潮阻咸设施的营造资费,通常依靠地方政府筹集和民间捐助;海洋灾害防御工程的维护资金,则出自军费或地方政府经费。
英文摘要:
      Liangzhe area, located in the southeast coast of China, is vulnerable to the marine disasters and seawater invasion. In order to guarantee the security of the coastal settlements and agricultural production, the government of Song Dynasty paid special attention to the construction and maintenance of Tang (seawall), Yan, Qi and other marine disaster preventive facilities. According to this study, the constructions of such large-scale as seawalls mainly depended on the funding allotment of the central government. The construction of Qi, Yan and other seawater invasion-preventive projects relied on the local government financing and private donations. As to the maintenance and management of the marine disaster preventive facilities, the main sources of funding were from the military fund and local government expenditure.
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