今天是
20世纪30年代私营企业的危机与变革——以上海章华毛绒纺织公司为例
The Crisis and Changes of Private-owned Enterprises in 1930s——A Case Study of Shanghai Zhanghua Wool Spinning Company
投稿时间:2016-07-20  
中文关键词:  私营企业;危机与变革;刘鸿生;章华毛绒纺织公司;民族资本
英文关键词:private-owned enterprise, crisis and innovation, Liu Hongsheng, Zhanghua Wool Spinning Company, national capital
项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目“新中国初期的私营工商业研究——以上海刘鸿生家族企业为中心的考察”(15YJC770049)
作者单位
赵晋 华东师范大学 
摘要点击次数: 287
全文下载次数: 307
中文摘要:
      从中国近代民族资本主义的发展历程来看,直到20世纪30年代抗战全面爆发前城市私营工商业仍属于“黄金时期”的范畴,不过,由于世界经济危机的波及,很多行业、企业在1932至1935年前后却面临过歇业、倒闭的严峻形势,这种状况在作为全国工商业和金融业中心的上海体现尤为明显。值得一提的是,著名工商业家刘鸿生的章华毛绒纺织公司可以说是一个反例,它不仅成功规避了这次经济大萧条,而且达到其历史的最好水平。个中缘由除刘氏借助民族主义、抵制外货运动的持续影响、善于利用国民政府的实业政策、积极寻求同政府高层的人际交往外,更关键的原因在于企业自身的生产变革,充分彰显了熊彼特所强调指出的企业家创新精神。
英文摘要:
      In the development history of modern Chinese national capitalism, the private industrial and commercial industry of the city still experienced the “golden age” prior to the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in 1930s. However, due to the global economic crisis, many industries and enterprises in 1932-1935 underwent closing down and bankruptcy, which was particularly evident in Shanghai, the center of commerce, industry and finance in the whole country. It is worth mentioning that a well-known wool spinning company owned by Liu Hongsheng, a famous entrepreneur, was a counter-example. It successfully circumvented the great depression, and reached its best business level in history. Besides nationalism, the continued influence of boycotting foreign goods movement, full use of national government’s industrial policy, and interpersonal relations with high-level government officials, the more critical reason for its success was the enterprise’s own production changes.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭