今天是
人工智能、人的解放与理想社会的实现
Artificial Intelligence, Human Emancipation and Realization of the Ideal Society
  
中文关键词:  人工智能;全球小康社会;理想社会;人的解放
英文关键词:artificial intelligence, a well-off society, ideal society, human emancipation
项目:霍英东教育基金会第十五届高等院校青年教师基金资助项目“国家治理现代化的评估指标体系研究”(151091)
作者单位
高奇琦 华东政法大学 
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中文摘要:
      人工智能的本质是一次新的技术革命。在人工智能技术的推动下,人类所需要的物质财富将由少数工作的人和机器合力提供,全球小康社会的实现可以预期。同时,人类的财富需要在一个更加合理的全球治理机制下进行分配。梭罗在《瓦尔登湖》中的实践给了人们很好的启发。生产交由少数的人和机器完成,这样就给予其余的人大量可自由支配的闲暇时间。免于工作的束缚使人类能够更加深彻地反思自身、关注自身,马克思意义上的“自由人的联合体”将更有可能实现。从这个意义上讲,在人工智能时代,人类似乎更加接近解放的状态。但同时,由于人工智能对整个社会变迁的影响极其复杂,因此需要更为细致和巧妙的方式来推动这一变迁。否则任何微小的变化都有可能放大为社会分裂,并最终导致社会转型的中断。
英文摘要:
      The artificial intelligence is essentially a new technological revolution. With the help of artificial intelligence technology, the material wealth that human being needs could be provided by a small number of people and machines, so the realization of a well-off society in the world can be expected. At the same time, distribution of wealth should be done under a more rational global governance mechanism. Thoreau’s practice shown in Walden is inspiring. Given the production completed by a small number of people and machines, the rest of the population can have more leisure time. Freedom from the constraints of work enables human beings to reflect more thoroughly on their own and concern about their own. “Free people” in Marx’s sense will be more likely to be realized. In this sense, in the era of artificial intelligence, human beings seem to be closer to emancipation. But at the same time, because the impact of artificial intelligence on the change of the whole society is extremely complex, a more detailed and ingenious approach is needed to deal with the change. Otherwise, any minor changes are likely to be magnified into social divisions and eventually lead to disruption of social transformation.
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