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“缘督以为经”与 “养生”的哲学——以《庄子·养生主》首章为中心
Philosophy of “Pursuing a Middle Course as One’s Principle” and “Regimen”——A Case Study of the First Chapter in Chuang Tzu·Regimen
  
中文关键词:  养生主;庄子;缘督以为经
英文关键词:regimen essential, Chuang Tzu, pursuing a middle course as one’s principle
项目:上海市教育委员会科研创新计划重大项目(201701070005E00053)、教育部人文社会科学基地重大项目(16JJD720006);江苏省公民道德与社会风尚协同创新中心与道德发展智库项目
作者单位
陈赟 华东师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      《养生主》是庄子内篇的重要篇章,它探讨养生的要义。然而“养生主”这一表达具有多重含义:(1)养生为主,即“主养生”;(2)“养生”之“主”,即养生的主要方面;(3)养“生之主”,所养的是生的主要方面。这些不同的取向,规定了“养生主”丰富而深刻的内涵。庄子养生哲学的根本原则是“缘督以为经”,即所谓顺中以为常,聚焦于善与恶、刑与名之间的几微虚空,它实质上是一种人与天之间的“边界体验”。养生的哲学展开为保身、全生、养亲、尽年四重连续的整体性效应,最终指向生命意义的当下充实。
英文摘要:
      Regimen is an important part of “inner” chapters of Chuang Tzu and it discusses the essence of health cultivation. “Regimen essential” is a multi meaning concept, firstly, health cultivation is the basic principle; secondly, health cultivation is the main part of life; thirdly, what preserves is the main part of health cultivation. The different orientations determine the rich and in depth connotation of “regimen essential”. The basic principle of Chuang Tzu’s philosophy of “regimen” is “pursuing a middle course as one’s principle”, namely, if one always keeps to the proper way, he will be able to keep a good health, preserve his nature, fulfill his duties of supporting parents and live out his life span.
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