今天是
人工智能与教育的辩证关系
The Dialectical Relationship between Artificial Intelligence and Education
  
中文关键词:  人工智能;教育;自然智能;系统产出;系统效率;工作岗位
英文关键词:artificial intelligence, education, natural intelligence, system outcome, system efficiency, job occupation
项目:2017年北京大学本科教改立项项目“教育与人工智能”(20173048)
作者单位
贾积有 北京大学 
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中文摘要:
      
英文摘要:
      With the rapid development of artificial intelligence, people are full of optimism in the application of artificial intelligence into education. Many people think that artificial intelligence can solve all educational problems. Based on the nature of education and research fields of artificial intelligence, the paper argues that artificial intelligence is the education implemented in the machines, but its actual achievement has surpassed that of education itself. The application of artificial intelligence in education has a positive effect on education. However, a lot of work needs to be done to solve difficult problems in education. The outstanding performance and widespread usage of artificial intelligence is in fact causing unemployment of a large number of workers, which reveals the cruel nature that the high IQ people are constantly depriving the low IQ people of their job opportunities and rights and make more powerful competitors for the graduates as the output of the educational system in the job market. This may negatively influence the learners’ motivation and educational vision, and cause social imbalance and instability. Besides the emphasis of applying AI technology to promote educational development and industrial transformation, this paper suggests designing global development plan and structure in order to guarantee all kinds of graduates as the output of all education systems can find suitable jobs.
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