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马克思劳动幸福理论的当代诠释和时代价值——再论劳动人权马克思主义
Reinterpretation and Implications of Marx’s Theory of Labor Felicity—Further Remarks on Marxism of Labor based Human Rights
  
中文关键词:  马克思;劳动幸福;劳动人权;自由劳动
英文关键词:Karl Marx, labor felicity, labor based human rights,free labor
项目:上海市高峰高原建设项目
作者单位
何云峰 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      劳动幸福理论的两个逻辑假设是“劳动创造了人本身”和“‘劳动的绝对自由’是劳动居民幸福的最好条件”。劳动幸福主要通过人的全面发展、人的劳动解放以及人的劳动尊严三个维度展现出来。劳动幸福具有社会历史性,其历史发展过程是自由劳动逐步实现的过程。劳动能力不足的人们要通过合理的制度设计去实现劳动幸福。人工智能机器人等高科技与其说是对人类劳动主宰地位的挑战,倒不如说是对人类劳动的超越和解放。社会各个方面要有有效的应对策略,包括劳动技能的重新培训、终身学习、教育资源的再造、社会整体系统的更新、每个劳动活动组织机构的运作模式和劳动活动参与者的劳动观念等各个方面均需要有彻底的变革。变革是使科技进步对劳动幸福提高的影响由可能变成现实、由消极转化为积极的唯一选择。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Marx proposed the theory of labor felicity based on two hypotheses that labor creates man and free labor is the best way to reach labor felicities. So called labor felicity is mainly manifested through the three dimensions including man’s all round development, labor liberation, and man’s labor dignity. Labor felicity develops socially and historically. Its historical development process is the gradual realization of free labor. People with insufficient working ability should realize their felicity through reasonable system design. Artificial intelligence robots and other high tech is not so much a challenge to the dominant position of human labor, but rather a transcendence and liberation of human labor. Anyway, effective coping strategies should be adopted in all aspects of society, including retraining of labor skills, lifelong learning, restructuring of educational resources, renewal of the whole social system, operation mode and labor concept of each labor organization and participants. To make all of these changes is the only choice to meet the challenges of scientific and technological progress on the improvement of labor felicity from possible to reality, from negative to positive.
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