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孔子的文化责任和对于神话的责任
On Confucius’ Cultural Responsibilities and his Responsibilities of Mythology
  
中文关键词:  神话;孔子;文化责任
英文关键词:mythology, Confucius, cultural responsibility
项目:
作者单位
鲍鹏山 上海开放大学 
张瑞 上海开放大学 
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中文摘要:
      现存神话记录与原貌存在不少差距,对此,孔子及儒家学派起到推手作用,至少,作为承前启后的文化人,没有尽到记录、保存、传承的责任。孔子对神话的这种消极的态度源于孔子自我确立的文化责任,即传承周代的“德”文化,弘扬尧舜之道,建立人间秩序。由此,孔子的文化责任和他对于神话的责任,在价值层面发生了严重的冲突。结果是,孔子出色地履行了他的文化责任,而对于神话,他不仅没有尽到保护和传扬的责任,甚至,要对神话的零落负有相当的责任。
英文摘要:
      There exist obvious differences between the extant mythology records and their original appearance. However, Confucius and the Confucian school, as an intellectual linking the proceeding with the following, had not fulfilled their responsibilities of recording, preserving and inheriting mythology. Confucius’ negative attitude towards mythology originated from Confucius’ self-established cultural responsibilities. Confucius’ cultural responsibilities were to inherit “morality” culture of Zhou Dynasty, carry forward the doctrines of Yao and Shun, and construct the world order. Therefore, Confucius’ cultural responsibilities conflicted with his responsibilities of mythology on the value level. Confucius perfectly fulfilled his cultural responsibilities, but he had not performed the responsibilities of preserving and inheriting mythology. Therefore, Confucius shouldered considerable responsibilities of downfall of mythology.
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