今天是
劳动自由是劳动幸福的本质属性
Labor Freedom is the Essential Attribute of Labor Happiness
  
中文关键词:  劳动人权;劳动自由;劳动幸福
英文关键词:labor human rights, labor freedom, labor happiness
项目:国家社科基金重大项目“(多卷本)中国古代管理思想通史”(13&ZD081);上海市教委、上海师范大学“马克思主义基本原理重点建设”项目阶段成果
作者单位
周书俊 上海师范大学 
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中文摘要:
      劳动人权、劳动自由与劳动幸福,三者密切相关。劳动人权无论是作为人的自然权利,还是作为人的社会权利,都不应当被剥夺,因为人是人也只有人才拥有的最本质的权利。而现实却是,如果人不能按照资本的要求进行劳动,那么他的这种权利就不能实现。因而,在资本主义条件下的劳动人权,也就变成了劳动无权。而劳动人权的丧失,也就意味着劳动这个人的最本质的属性被剥夺了。劳动自由相对于劳动人权是更高的要求,它表明人的劳动不再受资本或其他任何因素的“限制”,然而这种自由至今仍然无法完全实现。尽管如此,劳动自由也不会丧失殆尽,劳动者在某种程度上能够“自由地”展现人的本质。然而,只有充分实现了劳动自由,劳动才是幸福的,而不再是不幸的;劳动才是人的本质的展现,而不是人的本质的丧失。因此,劳动自由才是劳动幸福的本质属性。
英文摘要:
      Labor human rights, labor freedom and labor happiness are closely related. Labor human rights should not be deprived as a natural right or a social right of human beings since it is the most essential power that human beings and only human beings have. However, the reality is that if it cannot work according to the requirements of capital, then its power cannot be realized. Therefore, labor human rights under the conditions of capitalism have become no labor rights. The loss of labor human rights means that the most essential attributes of labor are deprived. Labor freedom is a higher requirement than labor human rights. It indicates that human labor is no longer “restricted” by capital or any other factor, but that freedom has not yet been fully realized. Nevertheless, the freedom of labor will not be lost. It shows that workers are still “free to show human nature” to some extent. However, only when the freedom of labor is fully realized can labor be happy, not unfortunate and labor is the expression of human nature, not the loss of human nature. Therefore, labor freedom is the essential attribute of labor happiness.
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