今天是
日本的市民监护制度
The Development Space and Modern Significance of Tang Poetics Resources in East Asia
  
中文关键词:  代理;监护;成年监护;公共监护;市民监护
英文关键词:agent, guardianship, adult guardianship, public guardianship, citizen guardianship
项目:
作者单位
钱伟荣 日本松山大学 
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中文摘要:
      为了应对老龄化背景下成年监护力量不足的问题,日本政府在全国范围内推广实施了市民监护制度。普通市民通过接受政府或其他组织的培训,可以被家事法院选任为市民监护人,代理心智障碍者从事民事活动。市民监护制度登场的社会背景是成年监护需求的扩大和监护力量不足的冲突。该制度具有特定的适用范围和活动形态,同时在当前起步阶段还有进一步完善的空间。市民监护人现在是仅次于亲属监护人和专业监护人之后,位列第三的重要监护力量,受到全社会的巨大关注,也具有广阔的应用前景。只有最大限度地发挥市民监护人的作用,才能真正做到让成年监护制度惠及广大的失能群体。
英文摘要:
      The Japanese government has promoted and implemented the citizen guardianship system nationwide in order to deal with the problem of insufficient adult guardianship in the context of aging. Ordinary citizens can be appointed as citizen guardians by the Family Court after receiving training from the government or other organizations, and engage in civil activities for persons with mental disabilities. The social background of the appearance of the citizen guardianship system is the conflict between the expansion of adult guardianship needs and insufficient guardianship. The system has a specific scope of application and activity form, and there is room for further improvement in the current initial stage. Citizen guardians are now the third most important guardian after relatives and professional guardians. They have received great attention from the whole society and have broad application prospects. Only by maximizing the role of citizen guardians can the adult guardianship system benefit the majority of disabled groups.
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