今天是
马克思《1844年经济学哲学手稿》的艺术史阐释
The Art History Interpretation of Marx’s Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
  
中文关键词:  1844年经济学哲学手稿;艺术史;本质力量对象化
英文关键词:Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844; art history; objectification of man’s essential power
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黄力之 中共上海市委党校 
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中文摘要:
      马克思《1844年经济学哲学手稿》关于“人的本质力量对象化”的观点,奠定了人类文明的形成、内涵与外延的科学体系。对于马克思粗线条地构建的这个模型,必须进行艺术史细节的填充。原始时期的石器,演绎出人与自然的初级互构关系:石头是客观的物质,意味着自然对人的优先性,即自然构建人;但作为工具的石头是被改造过的自然物,意味着人构建自然。这个互构过程导致审美意识的发生。艺术史上突出的现象是,各类艺术都热衷于再现大自然的美。作为人所创造出来的大自然,不同于原生态的大自然,处处显示出人的本质力量。人类为什么需要一个被创造出来的自然?人需要在这个“自然”中认识自己的本质力量之所在。由于原生态的自然与审美化的自然并存,一方面,人们依然会直接面对大自然,另一方面,人们接受了前人所创造的关于自然美的艺术品,在内心深处潜藏、积淀着审美所创造之自然,使眼前之自然与心中之审美自然进行互动,以此充实和丰富人类情感,提升人性。
英文摘要:
      Marx’s 1844 manuscript on “the objectification of man’s essential power” laid the foundation for the scientific system for the formation, connotation and extension of human civilization. In terms of this model constructed by Marx with thick lines, it is necessary to fill in the details of art history. The stone tools of the primitive period deduces the primary mutual construction relation between man and nature: the stone is the objective material, which means the priority of nature to man, that is, the nature constructs man; but the stone as the tool is the transformed natural object, it means that man constructs nature. This process of mutual construction leads to the occurrence of aesthetic consciousness. The outstanding phenomenon in the history of art is that all kinds of art are keen to reproduce the beauty of nature. The nature created by man, different from the nature of the original ecology, shows the essential power of man everywhere. Why does man need a created nature? In this “nature”, man needs to know his essential power. Because of the coexistence of the original ecological nature and the aestheticized nature: on the one hand, people will continue to face the nature directly; on the other hand, people accept the works of art about the natural beauty created by predecessors, the nature created by aesthetics, which is hidden and accumulated in the heart, will interact with the nature created in the mind to enrich human emotion and enhance human nature.
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