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基于簇链结构的节能路由协议
吴子彧, 俞晖, 归琳
上海交通大学
摘要:
随着各类智能可穿戴设备越来越多地在无线传感器网络(WSN)中扮演着环境信息采集与传输的角色,为保证网络的性能,路由协议除了兼顾能量效率,还应适应移动的网络环境.然而在移动场景中,由于频繁的拓扑更新,传统的路由方案不能很好地应对移动性所带来的能耗与丢包的挑战,网络性能将会降低.因此,提出了一种新的基于簇链结构的路由协议(CCBRP),利用簇结构和簇头链实现采集信息的汇聚,并由链首节点完成至汇聚节点的最后一跳传输.在此基础上,通过移动节点周期性的成员更新机制完成移动管理与簇头切换.仿真结果表明该路由协议在网络生命周期和数据包传递成功率方面均有优异的表现,且在能量效率和数据传递间达到了性能的平衡.
关键词:  路由协议  簇链结构  能量效率  移动管理  移动无线传感器网络
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Cluster chain based energy efficient routing protocol for moblie WSN
WU Ziyu, YU Hui, GUI Lin
School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering,Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Abstract:
With the ubiquitous smart devices acting as mobile sensor nodes in the wireless sensor networks(WSNs) to sense and transmit physical information,routing protocols should be designed to accommodate the mobility issues,in addition to conventional considerations on energy efficiency.However,due to frequent topology change,traditional routing schemes cannot perform well.Moreover,existence of mobile nodes poses new challenges on energy dissipation and packet loss.In this paper,a novel routing scheme called cluster chain based routing protocol(CCBRP) is proposed,which employs a combination of cluster and chain structure to accomplish data collection and transmission and thereafter selects qualified cluster heads as chain leaders to transmit data to the sink.Furthermore,node mobility is handled based on periodical membership update of mobile nodes.Simulation results demonstrate that CCBRP has a good performance in terms of network lifetime and packet delivery,also strikes a better balance between successful packet reception and energy consumption.
Key words:  routing protocol  cluster chain structure  energy efficiency  mobility management  mobile wireless sensor network