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城市公园植物景观美学评价——以南京莫愁湖公园为例
冯慧灵,胡晴,汪欢,刘柄麟,张超,陆禹成,江晔
作者单位E-mail
冯慧灵 上海师范大学旅游学院 1126469960@qq.com 
胡晴 江西财经大学旅游与城市管理学院  
汪欢 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院  
刘柄麟 上海师范大学旅游学院  
张超 上海师范大学生命与环境科学学院  
陆禹成 上海师范大学旅游学院  
江晔 上海师范大学旅游学院 jiangyejy@163.com 
摘要:
城市公园是为城市居民和外地游客提供休闲娱乐的场所。作为城市中不可缺少的特色旅游景点,公园的环境和景观质量对吸引游客和塑造城市特色景点起到重要作用。以南京莫愁湖公园为例,通过实地调查,从公园内植物景观的空间构造、环境功能、观赏和造景、视线引导等角度进行分析,同时利用问卷调查和SBE植物景观美学评价法对公园内植物景观分类进行量化分析,得到受测人群对莫愁湖公园植物景观主观评价,以确定莫愁湖公园植物景观目前存在的问题,并提出优化建议。研究发现:莫愁湖公园内各类花草树木种类繁多,植物景观的空间层次不是很明显,园内部分植物景观出现退化现象;园内评价较高的植物景观主要是植物种类较多,色彩丰富,长势良好,空间层次多样且分明的景观。
关键词:  莫愁湖公园  植物景观  景观美学评价
DOI:
分类号:P951
基金项目:
Urban park plant landscape aesthetic evaluation In Nanjing Mochouhu Park as an example
FENG Huiling,HU Qing,WANG Huan,LIU Binglin,ZHANG Chao,LU Yucheng,JIANG Ye
Abstract:
City Park is a place for city residents and tourists to provide leisure and entertainment. As an indispensable tourist attraction in the city, the environment and landscape quality of the park play an important role in attracting tourists and shaping the city's characteristics. The Nanjing Mochou Lake Park as an example, from the point of view of the spatial structure of the plant landscape in the park, environmental function, ornamental and landscape and line of sight guidance research, at the same time carries on the comprehensive analysis on the basis of investigation. Using questionnaire survey and SBE plant landscape aesthetic evaluation method, the quantitative analysis of plant landscape classification was carried out. By measuring the subjective evaluation of plant population Mochouhu park landscape, and make comprehensive analysis. The paper points out that the existing plant landscape Mochouhu Park problems, and puts forward the optimized proposal. The research finds that plants type are multiple in Mochou Lake Park. The spatial arrangements are not very apparent. Some plant sceneries appear to deteriorate. The higher evaluations among the botanic scenery are mainly the various plant types, rich colors, healthy growth, multiple and apparent spatial arrangements.
Key words:  Mochouhu park  plant landscape  landscape aesthetic evaluation