快速检索:      
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 411次   下载   
分享到: 微信 更多
中国对非直接投资的区域差异格局演变与重心的时空转移
汪欢,刘柄麟,任航,童瑞凤,张振克
作者单位E-mail
汪欢 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院 455320072@qq.com 
刘柄麟 上海师范大学旅游学院  
任航 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院;  
童瑞凤 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院  
张振克 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院 zhangzk@nju.edu.cn 
摘要:
随着“一带一路”倡议落实,非洲战略地位日益凸显,中非对非投资力度不断加强。全面、客观地研究中国对非投资发展现状与时空格局演变对发现现存问题、规避投资风险、促进双方良性合作意义重大。研究引入衡量区域要素差异的泰尔指数定量分析中国对非投资区域差异,运用重心模型刻画中国对非投资重心时空转移,并借助ArcGIS将其可视化。研究发现,1)中国对非投资虽然增速很快,但在中国每年对外投资总额中所占比重较小;2)中国对非直接投资在国别层面分布不均衡、极化效益明显,70%以上的投资额集中在少数国家;3)中国对非直接投资在区域层面长期呈现出“南北多,中部少”的空间格局特点;4)中国对非投资的区域内部差异是影响区域总体差异的主导因素;5)南非、北非和西非地区内部差异是影响区域内差异的主要原因;6)中国对非投资的重心在2009年之后呈现出向东转移的趋势。最后基于研究结论对未来中国对非投资趋势进行展望。
关键词:  一带一路、对非投资、区域差异、时空格局、泰尔指数、重心模型
DOI:
分类号:P91
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41371024);江苏省国际问题研究中心基地建设项目(南京大学非洲研究所)(2013001)
The Evolution of Regional Disparity and Gravity Center for China’s direct investment in Africa
Wang Huan,Liu Binlin,Ren Hang,Tong Ruifeng,Zhang Zhenke
Abstract:
The bilateral trade between China and Africa has a long history. With the implementation of China"s "belt and road" strategy, Africa"s important strategic position has become increasingly prominent.The China"s direct investment in Africa research started earlier both domestically and internationally , but most cases are based on qualitative analysis and case studies, using economic models for quantitative analysis are still uncommon, analysis on a time and regional scale are also rare approach.This paper analyzes the regional disparity of China’s direct investment in Africa through the Theil index , gravity center model are used to describe the time and regional shift of China"s direct investment in Africa ,and then visualized with ArcGIS. The study found that :1) Although China"s direct investment in Africa growth rapidly , the proportion in China"s total foreign annual investment is small, unmatched it"s importance strategic position in the "belt and road" strategy;2) China"s direct investment in Africa distribute unbalanced and shows clear pattern of polar effect in terms of nation selection - over 70% investment concentrated in a few countries;3) China"s direct investment in Africa has a history of " more to the north & south, less in the center" pattern in terms region selection;4) the internal differences in China"s direct investment in Africa is the key factor to cause a overall unbalance in a regional level;5) the internal difference in South Africa, North Africa and West Africa are the main factor for regional unbalance;6)Between 2003-2015, China"s direct investment in Africa focus at the geometrical center and surrounding areas of Africa continent with one exception in 2008 ,where the focus shifted to the south.
Key words:  Investment in Africa,Regional Disparity ,Time and Space Scale,Theil index ,Gravity Center Model